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Java And Xml: Links You Must Have

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XML and JavaGeneral XML resources


* "XML, Java and the Future of the Web," Jon Bosak. The paper that started it all, at least from a Java programmer's point of view. Definitely worth a read, even if it's a bit dated. Jon is commonly considered to be the father of XML. Funny how all of these technologies seem to have paternity


* "Media-Independent PublishingFour Myths about XML" Jon Bosak


* Robin Cover's XML-SGML site is, according to my SGML buddies, the bible of XML resources


* The W3C's XML resource page lets you cheer from the sidelines as XML technology proposals develop into recommendations, or join in the fray on their active mailing lists


* OASIS, the Web site of the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards, offers general news and information about XML


* The Graphics Communications Association, host of the XTech '99 conference (March 11 to 13, 1999, San Jose, CA) and the upcoming XML Europe '99 conference in Granada, Spain, (April 26 to 30, 1999) has a Web site packed with XML information


* XML.com is great for watching trends and digging up XML news


* Textuality hosts Tim Bray's site. Check it out for a look at the "big picture" of how XML fits into the structured document universe -- and for a look at Lark, Tim's nonvalidating XML processor




* IBM's XML Website is an outstanding supplement to alphaWorks




XML and Java



* "XML and JavaThe Perfect Pair" by Ken Sall (Internet.com, November 1998) provides information about XML, Java, and why these two are a match made in heaven



Tutorials and training

* Generally Markup, Richard Lander's Web site may be of interest to you if you haven't yet read enough about markup languages


* The Mulberry Technologies Web site is a good resource for commercial training in XML, as well as general XML and SGML consulting by seasoned SGML experts


* The Web Developer's Virtual Library Series on XML offers good summaries of various XML technologies, as well as annotated indices of XML software


* Microsoft's Site Builder Network provides a series of articles called "Extreme XML," one of which appears in the following link. While some of it focuses on Microsoft-only, Windows-only technology, there's still some great stuff here


* Webmonkey has a good series of articles introducing readers to XML. The index is at


* "What the ?xml!" by L.C. Rees offers an interesting take on XML and why it's necessary -- nicely written and entertaining to boot


* "The XML Revolution" by Dan Connolly is a quick backgrounder on XML (Nature)



Cascading Style Sheets

* W3C's CSS page will get your started learning about CSS


* "Cascading Style Sheets Designing for the Web" by Hakom Wium Lie and Bert Bos (Addison-Wesley, 1997) Sample chapters from the book appear at



Extensible Style Language (XSL)

* The W3C's XSL page


* Read (and comment on) the W3C's XSL Working Draft (currently dated December 16, 1998)


* "The Extensible Style LanguageStyling XML Documents" (WebTechniques Magazine) XSL tutorial information and examples


* Microsoft's XML and XSL tutorial site is especially interesting because of the recent release of client-side XSL in Internet Explorer 5.0. Extensive and excellent


* If you're still using IE 4.0, you can still experiment with XML, using Microsoft's internal DOM


* If you want to experiment with XSL, try downloading IBM's LotusXSL. It's all Java, and for the time being, it's free


* Or, you can try James Clark's XT XSL engine, downloadable from



Upcoming XSL contest

* Though the details aren't yet worked out, Sun Microsystems will soon announce a call for proposals for a 0,000 grant to develop a client-side processor for full XSL implementation in Mozilla. It will also announce, in conjunction with Adobe, a contest (first prize 0,000, second prize 0,000) to develop a pure-Java, server-side processor of the entire XSL language, to format XML to PDF (Adobe's document format). Keep watching the Java Developer Connection (requires free registration), and Mozilla sites for the eventual announcements.

* "XTech '99Java and the XML wave" by Mark Johnson (JavaWorld, April 1999) offers the most current information on the contest



Simple API for XML (SAX)

* The definitive description of SAX is available online. You can also download free SAX software here



Document Object Model (DOM)

* The W3C information page for the Document Object Model appears on the W3C site


* Among other things, you'll find the W3C Recommendation for DOM Level 1


* The Java bindings for DOM, for both XML and HTML, are in this Recommendation appendix


* A great DOM tutorial by William Robert Stanek appears on PC Magazine Online in "Object-Based Web Design." This tutorial includes a discussion of using DOM with IDL, CORBA's Interface Definition Language



Dynamic HTML

* The Dynamic HTML Resource page contains several links to DHTML articles




* Epicentric, Inc.


* More XML (and other Java) technology than you can shake a stick at is available at IBM's alphaWorks


* Version 2 of IBM's excellent XML parser package, xml4j, is available for download. This package includes several parsers, both validating and nonvalidating


* See also IBM's exciting Bean Markup Language project, which uses XML to represent and manipulate JavaBeans


* Another free Java XML parser was written by the indefatiguable James Clark, download at


* XEENA is IBM alphaWorks's DTD-guided XML editor. You want it, you need it, you gotta have it


* Mozilla.org is the open source community's effort to extend the Netscape source code. Find out about it at


* Information about XML and CSS in Mozilla appears at


* You can read about Sun's XML and Java initiatives at


* In addition, Java Project X includes source code downloadable from


* ArborText has a suite of sophisticated tools for editing SGML, XML, and XSL


* Oracle8i from Oracle corporation uses XML inside the Oracle core


* Download Oracle's free XML for Java parser


* Microsoft's Internet Explorer 5.0, released this month, implements part of the XSL spec. You can find it on Microsoft's Web site -- and also just about anywhere else


* You can also download a beta release of Microsoft's XML Notepad editor (limited to running only on Microsoft Windows)


* Vervet Logic of Bloomington, IN, has announced XML <PRO>, a commercial XML editor


* Majix, to transform XML to HTML via XSL, is available at


* If your French is rusty, you might want to try the English-language site at




* Read about the history of HTML here. It's part of an online book, so there's no telling for how long it will be available


* The two chapters listed below (of the book "HTML Unleashed" by Rick Darnell, et al., also cover some of the technical background of these languages.

* SGML history http://www.webreference.com/dlab/books/html/3-2.html

* XML history (such as it is)


* Nothing to do on Friday night? Why not read up on the history of SGML? Charles Goldfarb, considered by many to be the "father of SGML," reminisces publicly at


* Useful XML and SGML information appears at Goldfarb's Web site, including a comprehensive XML book list



Miscellaneous links

* Uche Ogbuji has written an interesting article in LinuxWorld about using XML on Linux in the Enterprise. It's at


* Bluestone Software has recently made a splash with pure-Java XML application servers, and a freely downloadable Swing package called XwingML


* Everyone (except Microsoft) is pretty freaked out about the US Patent Office awarding Microsoft a patent for certain kinds of functionality in style sheets. What happens with this patent, and its impact on developing technology, remains to be seen. Judge for yourself by reading the patent at


* The title of the sample recipe is actually the title of a very funny song by William Bolcom. Similar recipes may be found at


* The song appears on a compact disc (with other odd songs) available from the Public Radio Music Source at


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