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Common Mac Os X Keyboard Shortcuts

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Startup Keystroke Description
Press X during startup Force Mac OS X startup
Press Option-Command-Shift-Delete
during startup Bypass primary startup volume and seek a different startup volume (such as a CD or external disk)
Press C during startup Start up from a CD that has a system folder
Press N during startup Attempt to start up from a compatible network server (NetBoot)
Press R during startup Force PowerBook screen reset
Press T during startup Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode
Press Shift during startup start up in Safe Boot mode and temporarily disable login items and non-essential kernel extension files (Mac OS X 10.2 and later)
Press Command-V during startup Start up in Verbose mode.
Press Command-S during startup Start up in Single-User mode
Finder window
Keyboard shortcut Description
Command-W Close Window
Option-Command-W Close all Windows
Command-Right Arrow Expand folder (list view)
Option-Command-Right Arrow Expand folder and nested subfolders (list view)
Command-Left Arrow Collapse Folder (list view)
Option-Command-Up Arrow Open parent folder and close current window

Notice from BuffaloHELP:
Unless these are very new to Mac world, keystrokes are not original and should not be credited.

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Notice from BuffaloHELP:
Unless these are very new to Mac world, keystrokes are not original and should not be credited.

at least i shall finish the list, if you let me <_<

Menu commands
Keyboard shortcut Description
Shift-Command-Q Apple Menu
Log out
Shift-Option-Command-Q Apple Menu
Log out immediately
Shift-Command-Delete Finder Menu
Empty Trash
Option-Shift-Command-Delete Finder Menu
Empty Trash without dialog
Command-H Finder Menu
Hide Finder
Option-Command-H Finder Menu
Hide Others
Command-N File Menu
New Finder window
Shift-Command-N File Menu
New Folder
Command-O File Menu
Command-S File Menu
Shift-Command-S File Menu
Save as
Command-P File Menu
Command-W File Menu
Close Window
Option-Command-W File Menu
Close all Windows
Command-I File Menu
Get Info
Option-Command-I File Menu
Show Attributes Inspector
Command-D File Menu
Command-L File Menu
Make Alias
Command-R File Menu
Show original
Command-T File Menu
Add to Favorites
Command-Delete File Menu
Move to Trash
Command-E File Menu
Command-F File Menu
Command-Z Edit Menu
Command-X Edit Menu
Command-C Edit Menu
Command-V Edit Menu
Command-A Edit Menu
Select All
Command-1 View Menu
View as Icons
Command-2 View Menu
View as List
Command-3 View Menu
View as Columns
Command-B View Menu
Hide Toolbar
Command-J View Menu
Show View Options
Command - [ Go Menu
Command - ] Go Menu
Shift-Command-C Go Menu
Shift-Command-H Go Menu
Shift-Command-I Go Menu
Shift-Command-A Go Menu
Shift-Command-F Go Menu
Shift-Command-G Go Menu
Goto Folder
Command-K Go Menu
Connect to Server
Command-M Window Menu
Minimize Window
Option-Command-M Window Menu
Minimize All Windows
Command-? Help Menu
Open Mac Help

Universal Access

Keyboard shortcut Description
Option-Command-* (asterisk) Turn on Zoom
Option-Command-+ (plus) Zoom in
Option-Command-- (minus) Zoom out
Control-Option-Command-* (asterisk) Switch to White on Black
Control-F1 Turn on Full Keyboard Access
When Full Keyboard Access is turned on, you can use the key combinations listed in the table below from the Finder.
Control-F2 Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Menu
Control-F3 Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Dock
Control-F4 Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Window (active) or next window behind it
Control-F5 Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Toolbar
Control-F6 Full Keyboard Access
Highlight Utility window (palette)

The Universal Access preference pane allows you to turn on Mouse Keys. When Mouse Keys is on, you can use the numeric keypad to move the mouse. If your computer doesn't have a numeric keypad, use the Fn (function) key.
Mouse Keys
Keystroke Description
8 Move Up
2 Move Down
4 Move Left
6 Move Right
1, 3, 7, and 9 Move Diagonally
5 Press Mouse Button
0 Hold Mouse Button
. (period on keypad) Release Mouse Button (use after pressing 0)

Other Commands

Keystroke Description
Option-Command-D Show/Hide Dock
Command-Tab Switch application
tab Highlight next item
Command-Up Arrow Move up one directory
Command-Down Arrow Move down one directory
Page Up or Control-Up Arrow Move up one page
Page Down or Control-Down Arrow Move down one page
Option-Drag Copy to new location
Option-Command-Drag Make alias in new location
Command-Drag Move to new location without copying
Shift-Command-C Show Colors palette in application
Command-T Show Font palette in application
Command-Shift-3 Take a picture of the screen
Command-Shift-4 Take a picture of the selection
Command-Shift-4, then press Control while selecting Take a picture of the screen, place in Clipboard
Command-Shift-4, then Spacebar Take a picture of the selected window
Option-Command-esc Force Quit
Control-Eject Restart, Sleep, Shutdown dialog box
Control-Command-Eject Quit all applications and restart
Option-Command-Eject or
Option-Command-Power Sleep
Command-click window toolbar button (upper right corner) Cycle through available views for the window's toolbar (dependant on the nature of the Finder or application window)
Command-` Cycle through windows in application or Finder (if more than one window is open)

Use these shortcuts to work with windows.

Action Shortcut
Close all open windows Option + click close button
Minimize all open windows Option + click minimize button
Enlarge window to fill the screen Option + click zoom button
Hide the previous program Option + click a window
Option + click Dock icon
Move a window without making it active Command + drag window
Choose a folder that contains the current folder Command + press window title

Use these shortcuts to turn on Full Keyboard Access or access the menu bar, Dock, and other areas on the screen.

Action Shortcut
Turn Full Keyboard Access on or off Control + F1
Highlight the menu bar Control + F2
Highlight the Dock Control + F3
Highlight the toolbar Control + F5
Highlight a tool palette then each palette in order Control + F6
Access all controls in the current dialog if you select the option to highlight only text boxes and lists Control + F7

In addition to the Grab application, you can also use keyboard shortcuts to take pictures of the screen in Mac OS X

To take a picture of the whole screen, press Command-Shift-3.

To take a picture of part of the screen, press Command-Shift-4 and drag to select the area you want.

The picture is saved as a TIFF file on your Desktop. Note: Mac OS X 10.2 and later saves pictures as PDF files.
To copy the screen capture to the Clipboard instead of saving it as a file, press Control-Command-Shift-3 to copy the entire screen to the Clipboard, or Control-Command-Shift-4 to copy the selected range to the Clipboard.

Keyboard Shortcuts for Shut Down and Restart

Keyboard shortcuts available in Mac OS 9 and Mac OS X

The dialog box "Are you sure you want to shut down?" appears with options to Restart, Sleep, Cancel or Shut Down.


Quits all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes to open documents) and restarts the computer.


Quits all applications (after giving you a chance to save changes to open documents) and shuts the computer down.


Puts the computer to sleep.

Shortcuts available in Mac OS 9 and in the Classic Environment


Enter MacsBug (if installed)

If the computer is not responding or has "frozen"

Reset button

Press the reset button, which is on the computer itself, not the keyboard, and is labeled with a triangle. Pressing this button restarts the computer.

Power button

Press and hold the power button on the computer for six seconds to shut down the computer.

Mouse clicks and key combinations for the Dock

Brings the item forward, or opens it if not already open. Brings minimized windows out of the Dock.

Reveals contextual menu for item. Menu choices vary per application or file. When used on Dock separator, it reveals Dock preferences. There you can turn magnification and hiding on or off, change the position of the Dock on screen, and change the minimization effect. Choose Dock Preferences to see more options.

Reveals the original item in the Finder.

Force Quit replaces Quit in contextual menu. Menu choices vary per application or file.

Hides other open items, in addition to click action.

Reveals contextual menu for item. Menu choices vary per application or file.

Force Quit replaces Quit in menu, in addition to press action.

This applies to minimized windows only. The item is de-minimized in slow motion. You can see the item minimized in slow motion by pressing Shift while minimizing it.

When used on Dock separator, changes Dock position on screen (left, bottom, right).

When used on Dock separator, resizes Dock to common icon sizes (128 by 128, 64 by 64, 32 by 32, 16 by 16).

Cycle forward through open applications (Application Switcher). Keep the Command key pressed continuously, while pressing and releasing the Tab key as desired.

Cycle backward through open applications (Application Switcher). Keep the Command key pressed continuously, while pressing and releasing the Tab and Shift keys as desired.

Hides an application that you have selected via Application Switcher. The Command key must be held continuously from the time your selection is made until you press H. After hiding an application, you must select another via Application Switcher, or it will return to the foreground when you release Command.

Quit an application. This is a common key combination independent of the Dock, but it may be useful with Application Switcher.

Hide or Show the Dock. This is equivalent of choosing Dock from the Apple menu and then Turn Hiding
On or Turn Hiding Off from the submenu.

Also :
- Command + ` = switch between windows in app. works system wide
- Command + F1 = full keyboard control (CHIAR MISTO !)

see control panels >> mouse/keyboard for more info on it

Notice from BuffaloHELP:
I found BuffaloHELP's note to be invisible and thus I have started to copy from http://forums.xisto.com/no_longer_exists/ without using QUOTE tag. I deserve a warning and perhaps ban from posting. Thank you.

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My most usefull short cut would have to be using the tab key to toggle between apps. The apple and space swaps between languages - I use Japanese and English. My winning short cut is apple option esc - this force quits frozen apps.

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